Security Dealer & Integrator

SEP 2018

Find news and information for the executive corporate security director, CSO, facility manager and assets protection manager on issues of policy, products, incidents, risk management, threat assessments and preparedness.

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42 Security Dealer & Integrator / www.SecurityInfoWatch.com September 2018 S ince active shooter pre- paredness became part of our national conversa- tion more than a decade ago, response strategies have evolved. A primary emphasis on physical lockdown capabilities and procedures has given way to more comprehensive response plans – of which lockdown is just one element. at said, lockdown capabilities and technologies remain a critical com- ponent of these strategies by restrict- ing an assailant's ability to move freely within a building or campus – thereby limiting possible threat vectors. For integrators working with school customers to make sure the right lock- down systems are in place, maximizing the functionality of the access control solution is the place to start. Vicon recently conducted a poll of hundreds of high-level security pro- fessionals representing K-12 schools, universities, government institutions, healthcare facilities, banks, hospitality venues and other properties with gen- erally open public access. Just 16 per- cent reported their facility currently had "the right solution" to enact a lockdown; in fact, 43 percent said they had no such system. A large majority, however, did report having an access control system installed. Clearly, many of these institutions already have the core technology in place; it just is not configured to deliver on this vitally important need. ere is no single "right way" to stage a lockdown. Much depends on a campus or building's layout and archi- tecture, how the facility is used, the location and nature of the threat and other factors. Specific plans are best developed with the help of an expert trained in risk and vulnerability assess- ment and crisis management; however, once such a plan exists, integrators can play an important role in identify- ing and tapping into the many ways a facility's access control system can sup- port lockdown and crisis response. The Basics: Changing Permissions in a Lockdown Who can enter a building, when can they do it, and where can they go once inside? e answers change in the case of a lockdown. Lockdown settings should be appropriate for the type and level of threat to which they are responding. An active shooter inside a building requires a very different response than a suspicious car seen outside a school. Having tiered levels of lockdown enables administrators or security per- sonnel to heighten security as needed without causing needless panic or over-reaction to less serious threats, which can result in a "Cry Wolf " syndrome when an actual high-level emergency does occur. Most access control systems can be programmed for multiple crisis levels. Some offer only a few levels; others support a dozen or more. Especially for campus-wide systems, having many different levels enables custom- ized responses to be tailored for a wide range of scenarios, including different protocols for each building. Setting up short, clear descriptive names for these levels, rather than relying solely School How integrators can maximize an educational facility's access control system By Huy Q. Lai & Bret McGowan Back to School SECURITY When programming lockdown levels, be sure to consider the functionality of all doors – not just those with keypads or readers. © Istock

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